In October, the European parliament called for a 35 per cent increase in renewable energy by 2030. Just last week, many European technology, industrial and power companies were demanding that too. The European council and the European parliament will agree on final legal text negotiations on these issues next year.
The European Union's environment and energy ministers agreed on Monday to meet renewable energy targets by 2030 to reach 27 per cent of renewable energy by 2030 and 20 per cent by 2020. As part of the package, ministers also agreed to use renewable fuels in transport and to cap the first generation of biofuels.
Specifically, eu member states agree that by 2030 the proportion of renewable energy in road transport fuels will be 14%, and renewable energy will be used in road and rail transport.
The European commission has criticised the inclusion of railways in renewable transport targets because most of Europe's rail network has been electrified.
Still, Miguel Arias Canete, the European Union's climate commissioner, told ministers in negotiations that "the eu's commitment to renewable energy is clearly inadequate. With the price of renewable energy falling, the eu is likely to meet its renewable energy target of 30 per cent, which is similar to the previous estimate of 27 per cent.
The ministers also agreed on a series of rules on the internal electricity market, such as introducing more complex electricity meters to consumers and allowing grid operators to operate.